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AIE001

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter, Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of Rozanolixizumab in Adult Study Participants With Leucine-Rich Glioma Inactivated 1 Autoimmune Encephalitis

Brief summary

The purpose of the study is to assess the efficacy of rozanolixizumab as measured by seizure freedom, onset of seizure freedom, change in cognitive function, use of rescue medication and to assess safety and tolerability.

Medical Condition

Leucine-Rich Glioma Inactivated 1 Autoimmune Encephalitis

Min. Age

18
Years

Max. Age

89
Years

Who Can Join?

All

Status

Recruiting
Inclusion criteria
-Study participant must be ≥18 to ≤89 years of age, at the time of signing the informed consent -Study participant must be seropositive for leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1) antibody measured by LGI1 serum autoantibody cell-binding assay -Study participant must have faciobrachial dystonic seizures (FBDS) and/or other partial [focal] seizures with or without secondary generalization (≥2 seizures/week) during the Screening Period, or have experienced such seizures that stopped as a result of intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) initiation -Study participant is currently considered for treatment with IVMP by the investigator or has initiated IVMP treatment at a dose of 500 to 1000 mg/day within 14 days prior to randomization. If the study participant has initiated a steroid taper, the study participant cannot be receiving an oral steroid dose lower than 60 mg/day when randomized -Study participant with onset of disease between 0 to 12 months prior to Screening -Study participant weighs at least 35 kg (for males and females) at Screening −A male participant must agree to use contraception during the treatment period and for at least 90 days after the final dose of study treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period −A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies: i) Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR ii) A WOCBP who agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance during the treatment period and for at least 90 days after the final dose of study treatment
Exclusion criteria
-Study participant has a known hypersensitivity to any components of the study medication or any other anti-neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) medications. This includes a known history of hyperprolinemia, since L-proline is a constituent of the rozanolixizumab formulation -Study participant has a confirmed prior diagnosis of epilepsy that is unrelated to LGI1 autoimmune encephalitis (AIE) -Study participant has active neoplastic disease or history of neoplastic disease within 5 years of study entry (except for basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix which has been definitively treated with standard of care approaches) -Study participant has 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) with findings considered clinically significant upon medical review -Study participant has current unstable liver or biliary disease, per investigator assessment, defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminemia, esophageal or gastric varices, persistent jaundice, or cirrhosis -Study participant has positive tuberculosis (TB) test at the Screening Visit -Study participant has any of the following active gastrointestinal (GI) disorders: inflammatory bowel disease, GI ulceration, or diverticulitis -Study participant has a history of solid organ transplant or hematopoietic stem cell transplant -Study participant has undergone a splenectomy -Study participant has a current or medical history of primary immune deficiency -Study participant has been treated with prohibited immunosuppressants, biologics, and other therapies -Study participant has received a live vaccination within 8 weeks prior to the Baseline Visit; or intends to have a live vaccination during the course of the study or within 8 weeks following the final dose of investigational medicinal product (IMP) -Study participant has previously received rozanolixizumab drug product -Alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), or alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are >2x upper limit of normal (ULN) -Bilirubin >1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin ULN for ALT, AST, ALP, or total bilirubin but ULN for ALT, AST, or ALP that does not meet the exclusion limit at Screening, the tests should be repeated, if possible, prior to dosing to ensure there was no further ongoing clinically relevant increase. In case of a clinically relevant increase, inclusion of the study participants will have to be discussed with the medical monitor -Tests that result in ALT, AST, or ALP up to 25 % above the exclusion limit (>2xULN) will have to be repeated once for confirmation. This includes rescreening -Study participant has an IgG level ≤5.5 g/L at the Screening Visit -Study participant has absolute neutrophil count 450 msec (for male participants) or QTcF >470 msec (for female participants) or QTcF >480 msec in participants with bundle branch block

Study Medication Description

Study Medication:

rozanolixizumab

Other Descriptive Name:

rozanolixizumab

Placebo

Yes

Comparator:

No

Study Dates

September 2021

Actual Start Date of Enrollment

November 2023

Planned Study Completion Date

General Information

Study ID:
AIE001
EudraCT Number:
2019-004778-25
CT.gov Number:
NCT04875975
Phase:
Phase 2

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