Neupro® Filed in Europe for the Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome
Brussels, BELGIUM, December 5, 2007 at 7:00 am CET - UCB announced today that the application for marketing authorization for the use of Neupro® in the treatment of moderate-to-severe Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) has been accepted for filing by the European Medicines Agency (EMEA). Neupro® is a once-daily patch designed to provide continuous drug delivery over a 24 hour period. Restless Legs Syndrome is a chronic neurological disorder that affects between three and ten per cent of the population.
"This new filing for Neupro® reflects UCB's commitment to finding innovative medicines for conditions where there is a continuing need for alternative treatment," commented Troy Cox, President CNS Operations, UCB.
The filing is based on the results of two fixed-dose, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy and safety studies that evaluated rotigotine for the treatment of moderate-to-severe idiopathic RLS in approximately 1,000 patients over six months., In these trials, rotigotine produced statistically significant reductions in RLS symptoms compared to placebo and was generally well-tolerated., The efficacy of rotigotine was evaluated by monitoring the International Restless Legs Severity Scale (IRLS), a clinician-administered tool considered to be the best scale for evaluating the severity and frequency of RLS symptoms and the degree to which they affect sleep and daily life. The most frequently reported adverse events associated with rotigotine in these studies were application site reactions, nausea, dizziness, somnolence and headache.,
Neupro® is already approved in Europe and the U.S. for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of early-stage idiopathic Parkinson's Disease as monotherapy,, and in Europe as adjunctive therapy with levodopa for advanced-stage Parkinson's disease.
About Restless Legs Syndrome ,,,: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a chronic neurological disorder that affects between 3 and 10% of the population. It is characterized by unpleasant feelings in the legs and an irresistible urge to move in order to relieve the discomfort. RLS sensations are frequently described as tingling, burning, tugging, gnawing and pulling. The exact cause of RLS is not known; however, recent clinical research has linked certain genes to RLS, suggesting that the disorder is biologically based. Symptoms of RLS typically appear during periods of rest and inactivity, particularly in the evenings and at night. This can make it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep, thus preventing recuperative sleep and often leading to daytime fatigue and reduced alertness. While RLS symptoms are generally most pronounced in the evening and while at rest, other periods of inactivity, such as long flights, car trips and sitting in a theatre or cinema, can also trigger symptoms.
About Neupro® in Europe , In Europe, Neupro® is indicated for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of early-stage idiopathic Parkinson's disease as monotherapy and in combination with levodopa for advanced stage Parkinson's disease.
Neupro® delivers the dopamine agonist, rotigotine, directly from a patch into the bloodstream, through the skin. Rotigotine is a drug that mimics dopamine, a chemical messenger that transmits impulses between nerve cells in the brain to produce smooth, coordinated movement. Neupro® offers once-daily dosing and a good tolerability profile.
Important Safety Information 
Neupro® has been associated with somnolence including excessive daytime somnolence and sudden sleep onset episodes. In isolated cases "sudden onset of sleep" occurred while driving and resulted in motor vehicle accidents. Sudden onset of sleep during daily activities, in some cases without awareness of any warning signs has been reported.
It is recommended to monitor blood pressure, especially at the beginning of treatment, due to the general risk of orthostatic hypotension associated with dopaminergic therapy.
Hallucinations have been reported and patients should be warned that hallucinations can occur.
Caution is advised when treating patients with severe hepatic impairment which may result in lower rotigotine clearance.
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported in more than 10% of patients treated with Neupro® transdermal patch are nausea, dizziness, somnolence and application site reactions. Application site reactions are usually mild or moderate in intensity and it is recommended that the application site should be rotated on a daily basis.
Antje Witte, Vice-President Corporate Communications & Investor Relations, UCB Group
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Mareike Mohr, Associate Director Investor Relations, UCB Group
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[1.] Trenkwalder C, Paulus W, Walters AS. The restless legs syndrome. Lancet Neurol 2005; 4: 465.
[2.] Trenkwalder, C., Benes, H., et.al. for the SP790 Study Group. Rotigotine Transdermal Patch is Effective in the Treatment of Idiopathic RLS: Results of a 6-Month, Multicenter, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial in Europe. Poster Presentation, 132nd Annual Meeting of the American Neurological Association, October 7-10, 2007.
[3.] Hening W, Allen R, et al for the SP792 Study Group. Rotigotine Transdermal Patch is Effective in the Treatment of Idiopathic RLS: Results of a 6-Month, Multicenter, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Poster Presentation, 132nd Annual Meeting of the American Neurological Association, October 7-10, 2007.
[4.] Decision Resources. "Restless Legs Syndrome" Cognos Study #3. November 2006
[5.] Neupro® Prescribing Information (EU)
[6.] Neupro® Prescribing Information (US)
[7.] Restless Legs Syndrome Fact Sheet. NINDS. Publication date April 2001. NIH Publication No. 01-4847. (available at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/restless_legs/detail_restless_legs.htm)
[8.] Stefansson H, Rye DB, Hicks A et al. A Genetic Risk Factor for Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep. N Engl J Med 2007;357: 639-647
[9.] Winkelmann J, Schormair B, Lichtner P et al. Genome Wide Association Study of Restless Legs Syndrome Identifies Common Variants in Three Genomic Regions. Nature Genetics 2007; 39: 1000 - 1006
[10.] Parkinson's Disease: Dopamine Agonists. Schwarz Pharma. (available at http://www.parkinsons-disease.com/products/n28/dopamine%20agonists)
UCB, Brussels, Belgium (www.ucb-group.com) is a global leader in the biopharmaceutical industry dedicated to the research, development and commercialization of innovative pharmaceutical and biotechnology products in the fields of central nervous system disorders, allergy/respiratory diseases, immune and inflammatory disorders and oncology. UCB focuses on securing a leading position in severe disease categories. Employing more than 10,000 people in over 40 countries, UCB achieved revenue of 3.5 billion euro in 2006 on a pro forma basis. UCB S.A. is listed on the Euronext Brussels Exchange and, through its affiliate, owns approx. 89% of the shares of SCHWARZ PHARMA AG. SCHWARZ PHARMA (Monheim, Germany) is a member of the UCB Group.
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